By Carly W at September 20 2019 13:00:58
3. Labor and material costs are also directly proportionate to sales. These are things that go directly into the making of the product or into doing the service. a. Labor cost is the actual direct labor used in the making of product or doing the service. The cost would also include all the fringe benefits like social security, payroll taxes, vacation pay, holidays, sick pay days, etc. b. Material costs are all the materials used in the making of product or in doing the service. In the lawn mower service as an example it would be the gasoline used in the mower and any other materials used directly in that service. For producing a product it would be all the materials used in the product that is sent to the customer including all the packaging materials.
There is quite a bit of calculations and you should know a little about business principles but it isn't that complicated. So first let's look at figuring out your future needed sales with this formula: Projected sales = fixed expenses divided by Ƒ_(var exp % of existing sales + mat cost % of existing sales + lab cost % of existing sales + desired net prof %)) So, let's say you existing sales is 迲ꯠ annually, your fixed expenses are 足ꯠ, variable expenses is ็ꯠ or 6Ǒ% of the 迲ꯠ, material cost is 趌ꯠ or 27ǔ%, labor cost is 贍ꯠ or 12ǔ%, and your existing profit margin is 赏ꯠ or 20ǒ%. Now let's say next year you want to have a profit margin of 25% so what would your sales need to be to give you that profit margin? Now you might think you would simply tack on 4ǐ% more to sales ྐྵ% _ 20ǒ%) and you would have it. Well not quiet. it doesn't work that way because you are going to have the additional variable expenses, material cost, and labor cost too. Remember, the more sales the more each of these expenses and cost will be.